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  • Writer's pictureDavid Bennett

High Volume Iron Removal From Groundwater

Water Treatment: Large Volume Iron Removal

Iron is a common contaminant in water sources, and it can cause several problems, including discoloration, stains, and clogging in pipes and plumbing fixtures. If left untreated, iron can also promote the growth of biofilm and iron bacteria in water bores, which can be difficult to remove and can cause long-term damage to the bore. Therefore, it is crucial to remove iron from water to ensure its safety and quality.

In this article, we will discuss the methods for removing iron from large volumes of water and the considerations for choosing the right treatment system.

Iron Removal Methods

There are several methods for removing iron from water, including:


Oxidation is the process of converting iron from its soluble form (ferrous) to its insoluble form (ferric), which can be removed by filtration or sedimentation. Oxidizing agents such as chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, and potassium permanganate can be used for this purpose. However, it is important to note that oxidizing agents can be hazardous and should be used with caution.


Filtration is the process of passing water through a porous medium, such as sand, gravel, or activated carbon, to remove suspended particles, including iron. Filtration can be effective for removing low to moderate levels of iron, but it may not be sufficient for high levels of iron.

Ion Exchange

Ion exchange is the process of exchanging ions in water with ions on a resin bed. In the case of iron removal, the resin bed is usually loaded with sodium ions, which exchange with iron ions to remove them from water. Ion exchange can be effective for removing high levels of iron, but it requires regular maintenance and replacement of the resin bed.

Chemical Precipitation

Chemical precipitation is the process of adding chemicals, such as lime or alum, to water to form insoluble particles that can be removed by filtration or sedimentation. Chemical precipitation can be effective for removing high levels of iron, but it requires careful control of pH and dosage to prevent over- or under-treatment.

Choosing the Right Treatment System

When choosing a treatment system for large volume iron removal, several factors should be considered, including:

Water Quality

The quality of water, including its pH, hardness, and alkalinity, can affect the performance and efficiency of treatment systems. For example, high pH can cause scaling and fouling in filters and pipes, while low pH can cause corrosion and leaching of metals.

Water Demand

The volume of water to be treated and the rate of demand can affect the size and capacity of treatment systems. Larger systems may be required for high-volume applications, such as industrial or municipal water treatment.

Maintenance and Monitoring

All treatment systems require regular maintenance and monitoring to ensure their efficiency and effectiveness. This includes replacing filters, resins, and chemicals, as well as monitoring water quality and flow rates.


Iron removal from water is essential for ensuring the safety and quality of water sources. There are several methods for removing iron from water, including oxidation,

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